Home Pets Basic Types of Aquarium Filtration Systems

Basic Types of Aquarium Filtration Systems


In order to keep an aquarium in good condition to be able to maintain an aquarium, it is recommended that a filter ensure that all water entering aquarium through the filters at least four times per hour. When selecting a filtering system, take note of the kind of filtration it can provide, such as biological or chemical or mechanical. All Birds Lay Eggs Certain systems blend the different types of filtration to various degree of effectiveness. There are eight standard types of filtering systems that you can select.

Box Filters

Also known as corner filters or Internal filters These were the first filtering systems for aquariums used in aquariums at home. While less popular than earlier they are still very affordable and are able to be filled with a range of filters. Many of them are compact devices that adhere to the glass of an aquarium, which makes them ideal for smaller aquariums with 10 and less gallons. Corner filters are typically employed in separate tanks for hospitals which are used to treat sick fish separately from their main tank. Their lower intake flow is why box filters are very popular for tanks for breeding with little fry (baby fish).

The box filters need an air pump as well as an air line in order to move fluid through their. They create air bubbles which can also improve biological filtration and aeration.The filter These filtersystems vary in cost between the $8-$30 range.

Canister Filters

Canister filters are robust mechanical aquarium filters, best suited for medium-sized to large-sized tanks that are greater than 40 gallon. Since canister filters are located away from the tank and are not able to be hidden behind or underneath the stand for the aquarium. These huge units offer efficient mechanical, chemical and biological filtering. 

The canister filters have been pressurized in order to push fluid through filters instead of permitting it to flow through it with air bubbles like box filters. This makes them suitable for fish with heavy loads. On the other hand they are difficult to dismantle to clean and maintain, and may be difficult to prime and re-started in the future. They’re the most expensive kind of filter, however they also perform the best.Canister filters are great for saltwater aquariums, or ones that have a variety of living plants. Prices can vary between $90 and $500.

Diatomic Filters

Diatomic filter Diatomic filter systems are aquarium filters which “polish” the water by eliminating tiny particles. In terms of design, they are similar to diatomaceous Earth swimming pool filters. They function by pumping water over an extremely fine layer of particles to clean the water.

Diatomic filters are usually utilized in short-term situations when fine particles like diatomic algae or diatomic algae, are a concern. Since diatomic filters are designed for only specific scenarios certain filters have diatomic inserts, which means they can be used in a dual capacity in the event of a need. The diatomaceous media has to be replaced every time in diatomic filters.Diatomic filters cost anywhere between $40 and $100.

Fluidized Bed Filters

These relatively new filters are extremely effective biological filtering systems made of silica chips or sand as the medium for filtering. They are attached to the rear of an aquarium. The the water is circulated through a sand mass or another media. Small particles create an ideal surface for bacteria to flourish. The sand’s grinding when water flows through it aids in breaking up and trap the pieces of dirt in the water.

The majority of units do not include water pumps that must be bought separately. They do not offer chemical filtration, however mechanical filtration can be moderately effective since the sand media traps suspended particles. It is necessary to backflush to remove the particles from the sand every so often.The price of fluid bed filters can be anywhere between $50.00 up to $150.00. More

Power Filters

Sometimes referred to as hang-on-back filters, these filters can be by far the most frequently used kind of aquarium filter due to their excellent mechanical, chemical and biological filtration in one. The basic powered filter hangs on the rear of the aquarium and is able to draw water out via siphon tubes. It is easy to set up and maintain. Mechanical filtration occurs through water moving through an apex or floss media.

 Chemical filtration is accomplished by the water that flows through an active carbon insert while biological filtration can be provided through beneficial bacteria that thrive within the cartridge. Power filters can be paired with a biowheel for greater biological filtering. The filter inserts must be cleaned regularly or replaced.Power filters are priced between $10 and $150.

Sponge Filters

A sponge filter is positioned with a tube, which is powered by an air pump or motor as well as an air pump. The water or air forced through the tube inside the sponge creates a suction. This is able to draw debris and water into the sponge, and then bacteria be able to grow on the sponge and develop bio-based filtering.  Birds Of Virginia The sponge filters also offer mechanical filtration, however, they can block up quickly in the event of excessive debris. They are ideal for tanks with fry because the sponge stops young fry from being pulled into the pump. Sponges are great for an isolation tank for hospitals because a sponge taken of an established aquarium will provide your tank the nitrifying bacteria.